Wednesday, 29 Apr 2020 by Andy Lattal, PhD
Punishment, by definition, reduces, weakens, or eliminates (depending on one’s theoretical bias) the responses on which it depends. But punishment also reinforces other behavior, notably that of the one administering the punishment.
Tuesday, 24 Mar 2020 by Andy Lattal, PhD
The stability of an ecosystem, including the species that occupy it, can be disrupted when an invasive species appears in it.
Tuesday, 3 Mar 2020 by Andy Lattal, PhD
Ever think about where operant behavior comes from? What is it before that first reinforcer occurs? In speaking of the origins of operant behavior, Skinner famously observed that “[o]perant conditioning shapes behavior as a sculptor shapes a lump of clay.
Thursday, 23 Jan 2020 by Andy Lattal, PhD
Psychologically speaking, an agent is an entity responsible for a course of action. Some psychological agents with which many of us are familiar are “personality,” “conscience,” “self,” and “stress.” Each of these agents is said to be responsible for behavior: